The Department formed a new research directions, to meet the modern industry requirements
- development of theoretical and technological bases of creation of new materials, including a film version, using mechanical alloying, plasma-chemical synthesis and nanotechnology;
- development of technological principles and the creation of highly effective technologies of deposition of protective, decorative, wear and corrosion resistant coatings on a wide range of materials by methods of elionica;
- creating new designs of energy - saving woodworking tools, development of advanced technologies for hardening and optimal modes of operation.
Specialists of the Department of materials science and metal technology works towards the creation of new metallic materials based on aluminum and nano-carbon materials. Prototypes have been produced.
Developed anti-friction composite materials based on aluminum with additions of ultrafine carbon materials have enhanced properties that allows to recommend them instead of parts of friction units of bronze, and aluminium-graphite products. The obtained materials can find wide application at creation of objects of new technology, possessed high technical characteristics, in particular for precision parts of machinery, products, running on friction at high load-speed conditions.
As a result of the work package by sintering under high pressure of 4 GPA fullerene soot after exhaustive extraction from it of fullerenes with the addition of 10% Fe samples of nanocomposite with inclusions hardness of superhard phase is close to the hardness of a diamond, phase-bases up to 14.6 GPA. The nanocomposite has a specific gravity of 2.14...2.18 g/cm3 and a characteristic vitreous fracture.
The results of the analysis of the nanocomposite, Sefs–10 wt.% Fe using PAM and Raman spectroscopy: a, b – fine structure and diffraction pattern in PAM, in the direction of arrow 1 – nanocrystalline phase, the arrow 2 – amorphous phase; b – diffraction pattern from amorphous phase (Fig. a, arrow 2) The obtained carbon nanocomposite based on C-10%Fe, is an amorphous material similar to the glassy carbon containing inclusions of nanocrystalline superhard phases. At the same time, its high hardness is isotropic, as it is typical for amorphous diamond.