The Department of Forest Protection and Wood Science has been dealing with the protection of forest plantations and crops from harmful organisms for a number of recent years. At present, there is a decrease in the biological stability of forest plantations and the expansion of pest centers and diseases in them. The abiotic and biotic factors exert a significant influence on the state of the plantations: increased anthropogenic loading, extreme weather conditions, periodic storms causing massive windfalls and windbreaks, and pest and disease centers developed in such weakened plantations. The department develops measures to protect nurseries, pine plantations, spruce, pine, birch, ash and oak stands from phytophagous and phytopathogens, and participates in drawing up of recommendations on these issues for production.
The Department has a modern laboratory for research of phytopathogenic organisms, forest pests, as well as physical, mechanical and other properties of wood and its identification.
The direction of scientific research is the scientific substantiation of the forest protection strategy in conditions of intensification of forestry and the periodic occurrence of mass pathological incidents.
Areas of scientific interests:
- Assistant professor Zvyagintsev V. – forest phytopathology, forest protection, plant resistance, wood science, xylobiology, wood protection;
- Assistant professor Blintsov А. – forest entomology, forest protection, protection of plants from pests;
- Assistant professor Baranov M. – Physiology and biochemistry of plants, construction and landscape maintenance;
- Assistant professor Kovbasa N. – Boxing and by-product using of forest, apiculture, forestry phytopathology, plant physiology;
- Assistant professor Yarmolovich V. – forest phytopathology, forest protection technology, forest pathology, monitoring, mycology, resistance of plants to pests and diseases;
- Assistant professor Khvasko A. – forest phytopathology, wood science, forest commodity science;
- Senior lecturer Kukhta V. – forest entomology, xylophages, protection of plants against diseases;
- Assistant lecturer Kozel A. – forest entomology, root pests of tree species, plant physiology.
The main developments of the Department for recent years:
- A system of operational multi-level monitoring of the forest pathological state is developed.
- The biology of resinous cancer agents of pine in the forests of Belarus has been studied and the ways of limiting the development of the disease have been substantiated.
- The prevalence of mushrooms of the genus Armillaria in the forests of Belarus is studied.
- The species of mushrooms armillaria in the forests of the republic have been identified and the measures of limiting the disease harmfulness caused by them.
- The state of spruce forests in the republic has been evaluated, and the role of xylophages in their desiccation is clarified.
- A new disease for the republic was studied – bacterial dropsy of birch and a system of measures for limiting its damage was developed.
- The processes of mass drying of ash in Belarus have been studied and a system of measures to increase the stability of ash trees has been developed.
- Physical and mechanical properties of dead woods of pine, oak and ash have been studied and recommendations on its practical use are given.
- The main agents of diseases and pests on the planting stock of conifers with a closed root system were identified.
- Factors that reduce the cones yield of spruce in Belarus have been studied.
- The prevalence and harmfulness of new for the republic disease of pine diopsy have been studied.
- Diagnosing methods of internal damage and diseases of tree trunks (rot, hollow) have been developed, the probability of their fall and windfall have been defined, suggestions for their treatment or replacement have been given.
- The prevalence of mass drying of the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) have been investigated in Belarus. For the first time in 2010, a dangerous pathogen of ash had been revealed, a fungus Chalara fraxinea (Kowalski, 2006) syn. Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus (Queloz et al., 2011).
- A number of works on the definition of wood species (wood type) on the represented samples of wood were held.
- Methodical instructions "Protection of forest crops from harmful insects" have been developed.
- A system of measures to protect seedlings and ash seedlings from halaric necrosis in forest nurseries has been developed.
- Recommendations for the prevention of disease development and protection of planting stock in forest nurseries have been developed.
The Department maintains scientific relations with the Finnish Forest Institute "METLA", the Latvian Forest Institute “Silava”, the Institute of Forest Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the St. Petersburg Forestry Academy, the All-Russian Institute of Plant Protection, the Karelian Forest Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Moscow State Forest University, and the Bialystok Polytechnic University, Poznan Agricultural School, the Lviv Technological University, the Ulyanovsk State University, the Belotserkov State University, the Siberian State Technological University, and others.